Apply psychological principle of information processing in e-learning

Are There Any Principles Of Information Processing?
  When most people think of information processing, they think of IT and computing because it is a computing term, however, in the world of psychology, it has another meaning. It is a cognitive psychology term that sees the human mind as the information processor. A person takes in information and there is an output as a result.

Are there any principles of information processing?

No, there are not. It is a function of the body, just like sneezing or daydreaming. However, there are psychological elements that are known as cognitive elements involved with information processing in the mind. Many people compare the process to computers, but the comparison is a little flawed. If you were to compare a mind to a computer, the computer would be a highway full of cars, and your mind would be an ocean full of fish. Apply psychological principle of information processing in e-learning

Mixing cognitive psychology with e-teaching and e-learning

Let’s start with the commonly-held idea that people are creatures of habit. If a student has a habit of ignoring traditional teaching methods because he or she is in the habit of doing so (usually a trait learned in school), then that habit is going to persist. It is up to you as a teacher to understand when this occurs and change your method of teaching to suit. Trying to force students to pay attention is often futile.

What about cognitive psychology and attention?

Selective attention is a person’s ability to ignore other things and concentrate on a single thing. Attention capacity is another way of defining how long a person concentrates on something. Be careful how you use these principles. Many sub-standard teachers will teach a person something and then quit for a while because they do not want to “overload” them with information. This is often a foolish thing to do because people have a very high capacity for learning. If you cover a topic in full, then your students may not understand it all, but you can keep going over it again and again until they do. In addition, you can cover it all first, and then segment the lessons and approach it again in smaller chunks. Test the hypothesis if you wish. If a student seems to be struggling with a simple problem, turn up the heat and make it more difficult. For example, when teaching young children to tell the time, you may use an online tool that has the big and little hands spinning around a clock. Ask the student to stop the hands at a certain time. If they continue to struggle, turn up the speed of the clock. You may find that they actually make faster progress than when the clock was moving slowly. Use the way your students think and learn to engage with them Doing a little research into your own students and finding out how they learn best is obviously going to help you teach more effectively. As a race, we seem to look for patterns, even if no patterns exist. HowStuffWorks created a nice article about how people still believe the Illuminati exists because people look for patterns and connect the dots where there are none to connect. Michael Shermer said we are “Pattern-seeking animals,” meaning we are, “Neurologically hard-wired to seek explanations and put the pieces together – even when there is no connection.” Search and test for the patterns that your learners are using. If you are dedicating a little time and effort into getting into the minds of your learners, you will be a more effective teacher. Dyslexic and autistic people have very different thinking and connecting patterns to other people, which is why many traditional classes seem to fail them.

Learning by copying

We learn by copying from a very early age. There is a theory that smiling is an instinct we are born with, but it is squashed by the fact that babies may be copying what their parents do. They may not smile because they are happy, they may smile because they see their parents doing it and they start to notice that they get more attention if they smile and act cute. Learning by copying

How does this relate to e-teaching and e-learning?

Do not rule out the power of copying. For example, men with guy friends that are good at talking to women will often become better at it themselves. They see how their friends do it, and they learn, both consciously and unconsciously, how to talk to women in an attractive manner. If you want to teach your students how to write better essays, then order a few from Assignment Masters and let your students see how it is done. Have your students write essays on a topic, then order some from the professionals and let the students compare theirs with the professional one. The students are not learning by plagiarism, they are simply seeing how something is done so they may understand and copy the concepts at play. Be wary of parallel processing Some people still claim they are expert multi-taskers, despite the fact that it is widely believed that multitasking is a myth, and that you are simply switching quickly from one task to another. Be wary of parallel processing Our brains are able to parallel process things. For example, you are now breathing while your heart is beating. However, when it comes to attention, we are only capable of serial processing. Students should be dissuaded from multitasking and asked to complete one objective fully before starting the next. In addition, if your lessons include multitasking elements, do as much as you can to lower the amount a student does, and it may increase the quality of their work.   Author: Mary Kleim is an educational specialist. She is working on development E-learning Associations which is created for those who are willing to reach success by distant learning. She is going to launch her own distant course of distant course creation.

Intellectual property concerns with distance learning

intelectual-property
intelectual-property The development of Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) has led to questions about control of intellectual property. Instructional materials have become freely available on the web and are easily accessible by the general public, ownership rights have become more disputable than even before. MOOCs are large-scale, free and publicly available courses, increasingly popular in higher education are used at Coursera, Udacity, edX and Class2Go launched in the past 18 months have generated a great deal of interest in the press and have set out a possible path for providing education at a low cost for millions around the world. Continue reading “Intellectual property concerns with distance learning”

Problem solver of plagiarism in science

plagiarism

plagiarism

  Plagiarism it’s a vice of a modern world. It has spread among students, journalists, doctors, writers. Generally plagiarism is a theft. In the 1974 Larry Tesler made one of the most controversial breakthrough in the history of the journalism, he invents 2 new computer manipulations which were created to facilitate writing. Their names were “copy-paste” and “cut-paste” or “ctrl c – ctrl v” like they are well known today. A lot of people nowadays are arguing about this invention, on the one hand it’s fast and simple way to copy and paste necessary text from one place to another, on the other this invention marked the beginning of the plagiarism era. Continue reading “Problem solver of plagiarism in science”

What does -Fair use clause- refer to?

What does -Fair use clause- refer to?
“Can I upload” copyright flowchart (Photo credit: giulia.forsythe)
        It may be surprising to know that the Copyright Law does not directly protect the creative works of authors, inventors, filmmakers, artists and photographers among others, but is rather meant to promote the progress of science and useful arts.   In a way, the Copyright Law’s priority leans towards the benefit of the public and at some extent may seem unfair to the copyright owner. Although, among the exclusive rights given to the owner is the legal reproduction of his or her work. The right to authorize other parties to reproduce is also accorded to the owner. Continue reading “What does -Fair use clause- refer to?”

Evolution of invention in the last 50 years

Evolution of invention in the last 50 years The past five decades have been an exciting time for inventors. With new tools and technology hitting the market almost daily, people are being inspired to see if they can create the next game-changing invention. In fact, since 1963 the US has seen its patent applications grow from just under 100,00 to almost 600,000 in 2012. In turn, patent grants have risen as well (from about 50,000 in 1963 to just under 300,000 in 2012). In order to get a better handle on these fascinating trends, the patent and new product marketing experts at Innovate Product Design have created an infographic to visually interpret the data. It gives an overview of the three different types of US patents available, as well as highlighting the five most prolific inventions of the last fifty years: GPS technology, TV remote controls, Internet, cell phones, and jet airliners. If you have questions or thoughts, let us know in the comments! © 2013 Innovate Product Design