A scientific paper is based on empirical methods and aims to provide the general conclusions of the experiment. Regardless of the nature of your experiment, there are some common elements that must be included in a scientific paper. Here they are:
1. Start by creating an apt title for your project. The title should define the gist of your scientific experiment. Here you will include your full name, date along with the title. Keep the title on the middle of page without making it bold, italicized or underlined. Make it specific and precise.
2. Create an ‘abstract’. It is a condensed form of your whole research work and outlines its significance, objectives, results and conclusions. Generally, an abstract serves as a summary of your research work and mostly researchers and scholars refer the abstract to analyze a research work without reading the whole paper. This makes it the most important and considered part of a scientific paper. While mostly writers write it in the end, you should write this part that best suit your specific action plan for writing the scientific paper.
3. In the new page, start writing the ‘introduction’. The introduction has two major parts: (1) the objective and (2) hypothesis. Here you will also provide background knowledge of your experiment and how it is related with your specific study.
4. Next, you will explain the materials and procedures you have used during your research in the ‘methodology’. Demonstrate all the steps that constructed your paper towards the conclusions. Here you will describe the specific tools you have used and explain why they are the best based on their viability and functionality. Provide sub-headings to specific information within this section.
5. Provide your findings in the ‘results’ section. Take help of tables, graphs, statistics and figures to explain your findings. Illustrate the graphs or charts with clear, simple and easy to understand language. Here you will give your comments only about the data without discussing the conclusions.
6. End your paper by summarizing your results in the ‘conclusion’. In this section you will answer the research questions of your study and establish if you have achieved your set objectives and whether you have proven or not the hypothesis of your research foundation. Based on your evaluation, you will then give the conclusions of your entire experiment.
7. Provide the references in the ‘work-cited’ section. Follow the guidelines given by your college to craft your bibliography page. List the names in alphabetical order. Be sure to use the correct spellings of all the names of people involved in the research.
8. Be very particular about what your teacher wants from you. Check if you have included everything asked by him.
9. Never include anything without citation if it is not a general knowledge or scientific fact.
Kate Midelton is an research analyst and work as a full time editor for Essay Penguin. He also contribute on different academic blogs and loves to help students in their academic problems.
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