It was in the 1980’s that computers were first introduced in schools. Since then, technology has completely altered the classroom methodology of learning.
There have been numerous technological advancements in learning over these years, e.g., the availability of e-books, DVD/CD provided with books, as well as many software developments that facilitate learning. The CDs available with books are especially useful as the audio visuals given in CDs can easily explain the concepts which are otherwise quite difficult for the students to comprehend.It has been found through research that technology not only helps the students to learn much faster by providing greater access to information, but also by motivating the students and enhancing their self-esteem. The use of computer technology offers innumerable opportunities to students to build their personal knowledge and enhance their learning.
Here we explain how technology impacts different areas of student learning.
A research study concluded that the use of different digital tools improves students’ reading comprehension as well as vocabulary development. This is because these tools guide an individual’s reading by providing access to word pronunciation, word meaning and also the information that explains the context in which a word is used.
A number of research studies have come to the conclusion that the use of technology can enhance language acquisition in many different ways. Firstly, multimedia presentations that involve a combination of video, sound and text have been found to create stronger memory links in comparison to text alone. Not only this, as digital technologies allow instant playbacks, students can get easy access to various sections of the reading material. Language acquisition is also improved by getting access to authentic material, like news and literature, which allows one to learn a language faster. Moreover, the use of technology provides meaningful communication opportunities to the students – like email and chat rooms – which in turn facilitates their language acquisition.
The use of technology increases the student’s intrinsic motivation and also engages the learner. This is because technology allows the students to have a choice in their assignment, see the relevancy of the task, and also enables them to self-assess. Researching online gives the students the opportunity to search the information they seek passionately. Also, making their own choices during online search is engaging for learners. Hence, technology is related to increased learner motivation, as it allows them to be in control of the learning process.
The technology used for learning purposes is especially beneficial for students with low self-esteem and confidence level. This is because technology has been shown to positively affect the self-esteem of students. Research has found that technology use is associated with increased school attendance and decreased dropout rates.
Furthermore, the use of technology enables the students to feel responsible for their own learning, and also allows them to feel more independent. In short, the use of technology in school environments not only enhances students’ motivation and self-esteem, but also leads them to achieve better learning outcomes.
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